Do you have dark spots that you wanted to remove? Are you trying to bring back the confidence that your dark spots or hyperpigmentation has stolen from you?
You are not alone.
Hyperpigmentation widely known as dark spots is a very common skin problem especially for darker skin types- particularly to black women. It can be caused by too much exposure to sunlight, acne breakout, changes in hormones, medications, and many other reasons.
Hyperpigmentation can tear down one’s confidence and can be very stressful to deal with. Fortunately, nowadays, there are already products that can help in your hyperpigmentation or dark spot problems.
In this article, not only will we give you a list of products that help in dark spots and hyperpigmentation problems, but also we will help you understand it and provide some ways to prevent them from coming back.
Hyperpigmentation most commonly referred to as “dark spots”, is a skin condition wherein an area of skin is darker than the surrounding skin. The accumulation of excess melanin; an occurring natural pigment of our body, is the reason behind dark spots. Melanin is also the reason behind the color of your eyes, hair, and your skin.
Our skin has several tissue layers. Hyperpigmentation can occur on either the epidermis and dermis or both. The epidermis is the outer layer of the skin, and in this layer, hyperpigmentation is easier to treat. Dermis on the other hand, when hyperpigmentation appears on this layer, it can be more difficult to treat and sometimes permanent.
The good thing about hyperpigmentation is, it is not as physically harmful as other skin conditions. But still, many people, especially women, consult dermatologists to arrest this problem to regain their confidence in their skin.
Why is Hyperpigmentation Common to People with Black Skin Tone?
Did you know that Hyperpigmentation is one of the Top Five (5) Most Commonly Diagnosed Skin conditions in people with black skin tone?
Hyperpigmentation can be present in all kinds of skin types. However, this can be more frequent to darker skin more so to people with black skin.
Since darker skin tone people have more active melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells of the body; it tends to produce more melanin when exposed to sunlight, inflammation, or even skin damage. Another reason is that the keratinocytes, the cell that holds the melanin that gives our skin color; when disrupted releases melanin below the surface of the skin causing hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation or Dark Spots is treatable, however to some especially to black skin tone types it can be a challenge to treat it. A more delicate skincare routine or treatment shall be applied for treating this problem.
Causes of Hyperpigmentation
PIH or Post Inflammatory Trauma - PIH is a type of skin trauma that is a result of different factors like eczema, acne breakout, psoriasis, or contact dermatitis. This skin trauma can affect any skin tone type but tends to affect darker skin tone types more.
Too Sun Exposure - It’s known that the sun’s ultraviolet rays can do harmful damage to our skin. Melanin protects our skin from these ultraviolet rays, therefore the production of melanin in areas that are exposed to the sun increases, giving those exposed areas darker color. Dark spots that receive additional sun exposure tend to become darker.
Melasma - This skin discoloration can be caused by hormonal changes. Melasma can be a result of pregnancy or taking birth control pills. It is common in areas like the cheeks, forehead, and the upper part of the lips. Melasma is commonly thought to be triggered by too much exposure to sunlight but experts say that much of it remains to be studied and understood.
Medications - 10% to 20% of the time, hyperpigmentation is caused by medications. The pattern and color of discoloration may vary upon the type of medication taken.
Some of these medications are the following:
o Tetracycline Antibiotics
o Anti-Malaria Medicines
o Blood Pressure Medicines
o Psychotropic Medicines
o NSAIDs or Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
Medical Conditions - in some cases, hyperpigmentation can but rarely be a sign of a medical condition.
Addison’s Disease is a condition where stress hormones are not enough for the pituitary gland to produce a signal known as ACTH. ACTH causes the darkening of sun-exposed areas, in nails, in joints, and even in the mouth. The color change is the first sign of the condition.
B12 or Folate Deficiency can also cause hyperpigmentation in the skin.
Acanthosis Nigricans is where people with this condition have patches at the back of their neck or in their armpits. It can be an initial sign of pre-diabetes or even cancer.
Hemochromatosis is a condition where too much iron is being absorbed by the body. Bronzing and darkening of sun-exposed skin are some initial signs of this condition.
Treatment for Hyperpigmentation
Fading the hyperpigmentation takes time. It depends on how deep the hyperpigmentation is. Sometimes, you can observe fading in only 6 to 12 months, but sometimes you’ll wait for years before hyperpigmentation fades.
But, with the right treatment, you can expedite the fading. You can follow these steps for treating your hyperpigmentation problem:
Eliminate What’s Causing the Hyperpigmentation/Dark spots
The first thing you should do is to determine what’s causing your dark spots. May it be from acne break out, changes in hormones, or even insect bites, you have to know where it’s coming from and eliminate it. Trying to treat the hyperpigmentation in your will not work if the factors that cause it are not taken care of.
Never Forget to Put On Your Sunscreen
Now that you have eliminated the cause of your hyperpigmentation, you are now ready to move forward in treating your dark spots. To make your treatment effective, you must protect your skin from further damage. Avoid the harmful effects of UV rays from the sun. You must use good quality sunscreen. It must offer at least SPF 30, active ingredients such as titanium dioxide and/or zinc oxide. It must be non-comedogenic so it won’t clog your pores especially if you have oily skin.
Use Products That Can Even Out Skin
Nowadays, many products in the market offer whitening and exfoliating products that promise to help you with dark spots. You can buy most of them without securing a prescription from your dermatologist. But how would you know that these products are for you, especially if you have a darker skin tone?
Make sure to check if the product you wish to buy has the following ingredients. These are said to be the best ingredients that help to even out your skin effectively and safely;
Vitamin C - promotes collagen production which helps in thickening our dermis to reduce fine lines for young-looking skin. It also helps in protecting our skin from the harmful effect of UV rays from the sun.
Vitamin E - helps in nourishing our skin and protecting it from free radicals. It is a powerful antioxidant that backs up our skin from the UV rays from the sun.
Glycolic Acid - is an effective exfoliator. It also helps in improving skin texture and also skin tone. Regular use of products with glycolic acid can brighten your complexion.
Retinol - helps in minimizing breakouts which are essential in treating hyperpigmentation. Retinol is also a good exfoliator on a cellular level which causes the skin to become brother and smoother. Moreover, retinol contributes to reducing fine lines and prevents wrinkles.
Hyaluronic Acid - It helps in healing your wounds faster. Hyaluronic acid helps alleviate the dryness in the skin and reduces fine lines and wrinkles as well.
Aloe Vera Extract - it helps in smoothing out your skin especially if there is inflammation. Aloe Vera also helps in reducing acne and infection, boosting wound healing, and helps lighten up blemishes on the skin.
Jojoba Oil - It can soothe eczema prone skin and relieves sunburn. It also helps in boosting the glow in skin. Jojoba has moisturizing and healing properties that help in reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
If you’re still looking for products that contain most if not all of these ingredients, you may want to check Luxuane Anti Dark Spot Serum. It helps in removing dark spots faster than other products and brightens up your skin faster. It restores damage, skin tone , and elasticity. It also removes dark circles, and has anti-aging properties to bring back your youthful skin.
Botanical Hyaluronic Acid
Luxuane has a wide variety of products that are intended to be used by all women especially by black women who do not want to compromise with the quality of the products they put on their skin. They offer organic products that are not only effective but most especially safe to use.
Say goodbye to your dark spots, wrinkles and fine lines, and hello to a brighter and young looking skin!
Dark spots or Hyperpigmentation is a common skin problem especially for women of color or women with darker skin tones. There’s nothing to be ashamed of. Besides, hyperpigmentation is treatable.
All you need is a proper understanding of the root cause and eliminating them, using the right products for you, and protecting your skin from the sun. Make sure to explore products that have the ingredients listed above to even out your skin. And when you find the right products for you, continue using them until you achieve the result you are looking for.